Hitherto, Los Angeles has been largely neglected and misunderstood by architects and urbanists. This is due to the fact that they have always tried to interpret L.A. as an overall-planned, concentric city - while it can only be understood from its diversity and decentralization.

Written for an Architectural Research Group, 2011, 15 pages



In the twentieth century, New York was conceived as the centre of the world. Today, the screen of your computer or mobile phone is the centre of the world. This leaves us with a difficult ontological issue: being in the world is no longer restricted to physical presence.

Written for an Architectural Research Group, 2011, 8 pages



Can the use of buildings be entirely predicted and controlled by the architect? By comparing two icons that seem to be each other’s opposites – Rietveld-Schröder House and Castel Sant’Angelo - both the intended and unintended ambivalences of buildings are examined.

Written for an Architectural Research Group, 2010, 6 pages



Throughout history, architects worked with two scales: the human scale and the sublime scale. The human scale can best be explained with Protagoras’s famous dictum: “man is the measure of all things”, as if the parts of a building are proportioned as the parts of the human body. The sublime scale, on the contrary, has lost all reference to the human body - and goes beyond human comprehension.

Master thesis, 2009, 51 pages



How is it possible that urbanism with the best social intentions proved to be a complete failure, as is the case with CIAM urbanism? This essay sheds new light on the ideals of the CIAM from a contemporary perspective: can utopia be redefined in a commercialized world?

Essay written for master’s course The Urban Question, 2008, 8 pages



Based on the theory of Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm shifts in the history of science, this essay explores whether it is possible to conceive architecture in terms of paradigms, and how and why they changed over time.

Essay written for master’s course Philosophy of Science, 2008, 10 pages